International Building Exhibition (IBA): Urban Redevelopment Saxony-Anhalt (East Germany) 2010
Within the framework of the IBA Urban Redevelopment 2010, town planners, architects, citizens and political and administrative representatives put innovative urban development tools to the test in 19 cities affected by demographic change. In doing so, all the cities address issues of specific relevance to them and develop their own unique profiles. While this does not cap the decline, it turns it to the positive with the aid of small, streamlined structures: Less is Future.
The Response to Demographic Change in Saxony-Anhalt The demographic change presents specific social challenges and already impacts on politics, the economy and culture. Alongside growth regions, there will always be areas where population decline prevails, despite every endeavor. This coexistence is also evident in the cities; at the same time, structural reform is progressing in industry and the service society.
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The federal state of Saxony-Anhalt is also affected by this, composed as it is of numerous small and medium-sized cities characterised by significant historical-cultural sites, such as the Bauhaus buildings in Dessau-Roßlau, the Luther Memorials in Wittenberg and Eisleben or the timber-framed buildings of Quedlinburg.
Saxony-Anhalt has lost approximately 17 per cent of its population since 1989. According to the state office for statistics (StLaLSA), the resident population in 2008 was 2.4 million. The decline has yet to be capped. Saxony-Anhalt is therefore representative of a social present-day that has already arrived in other states and for a future, which still awaits many. The shrinkage processes call for a far-sighted urban redevelopment strategy that responds to both vacancies and the financial crisis.
Less is Future In 2002, the federal state initiated the International Building Exhibition (IBA) Urban Redevelopment 2010 in order to actively explore this phenomenon. The objective of the IBA is to build up practical urban development expertise at the state and local level, and to develop pilot schemes that will set standards for international urban research. The Bauhaus Dessau Foundation and the Saxony-Anhalt State Development Company (SALEG) were commissioned to prepare and stage the exhibition. Both institutions are supported by the IBA Office, which is a lean management body that organizes the International Building Exhibition and supervises the projects.