does car lease appear credit report disputing a charge off on your credit report free credit report cell phone song tabs how to view my credit report online how to get your free credit report from the government my credit score report product wrong personal information on credit report kawartha credit union annual reports cheap credit report and score online free 3 and 1 credit report and score false information on credit report fair credit reporting act 15 usc section 1681 dispute judgment your credit report prepaid debt cards reporting credit agencies consumer credit report vs residential mortgage credit report how to cancel credit report experian mail credit report dispute comes off your credit report after 7 years what is best credit report service order credit report ?2 free credit bureau report government equifax 3 1 credit report discount code three bureau credit reports govt free credit report site chase bank credit report dispute free credit lyrics all 2010 annual report credit union fdic annual credit report to get a free credit report from experian. http // how do u get your free government credit report how to remove freeze on credit report credit reports scores review review annual credit report request credit report by phone free credit report no credit card required online free dispute credit report letter no credit card free credit report canada best rated credit report sites best place to get all 3 credit reports only real free credit report monitoring letter explanation inquiries my credit report quizzles report loan solutions credit credit reporting agencies fico score have been denied credit need credit report company credit card personal credit report free credit report guy get free credit report 3 agencies california credit report statute of limitations does bank of america secured credit card report to credit bureaus visa signature credit limit reporting how long does bankruptcy take to come off credit report free credit report canada without credit card equifax free once year credit report government sap sd credit management reports when does chase credit report to credit bureau free report gov canada credit rating credit report monitor free credit report ny credit history report usa check fair credit reporting act violations get your free annual credit report online government sponsored annual credit report free report uk only credit history sm4-4 please correct my credit report credit cards report credit bureaus fraud credit report 3 free credit score reports consumer credit report federal reserve board yearly free credit report gov how to cancel experian credit report payday loans credit report how to remove errors from your credit report can you remove an eviction from your credit report what information is contained on a credit report how to remove bad credit from your credit report canada how long do derogatory accounts stay on your credit report the only official free credit report money something on my credit report is wrong how do you remove a hard inquiry from your credit report how do you order a free credit report denied credit can get free credit report credit report charge off removal how can i get myspace annual credit report credit report updates remove foreclosure from credit report correct credit report errors free credit report without giving card details reasons for disputing credit report items pros cons freezing your credit report how do you report something to the credit bureau totally free credit report once a year equifax state nj free credit report do contact dispute something my credit report freezing credit reports does collection charge off mean credit report credit report contact number how long does a court judgement stay on my credit report correct credit report errors online federal credit report act 603(d) experian credit report alert credit suisse bank annual report 2010 remove credit report collections how can i get my credit report for free online request how to request free annual credit report act dispute credit report experian phone number check credit report for free online credit report for job interview review reporting credit history get credit report clark howard do need credit report reverse mortgage credit report 1 trans union credit report dispute credit report business now free credit scams can;t find my credit report how long does medical debt stay on credit report how can i get my free credit report online free credit report ipad app annual free credit report free cheapest way to get credit report view your credit report free free credit report phone number to cancel best free free credit report site does bankruptcy clear your credit report how to free report credit card credit report job application legal get your free credit report online now equifax 3 1 credit report score get free credit report illinois remove federal tax lien credit report cbcinnovis credit reporting agency no credit card needed credit report do insurance companies look credit reports site should use get my free credit report how to view your annual credit report long does charged off debt stay your credit report all three credit reports and score getting free copies your credit reports my credit report score american express best cash back credit cards consumer reports 2011 free quizzle credit report credit suisse annual reporting bureau credit reports credit commercial band free credit reports canada review top 3 report sites credit rating free uk business credit report credit report dispute letters sample what is a civil claim judgement on a credit report how to get a copy of your credit report get copy equifax credit report purchase 3 credit reports scores consumer report fair credit reporting act rights under remove bankruptcy credit report after 7 years how to check your credit report in canada difference between consumer credit reporting companies fair credit reporting act form consumer how to get a free annual credit report in canada experian how do i read my transunion credit report credit report website rating where to get my credit report and score gov annual credit report free credit report collection long why do you have to pay for credit report where to get free official credit report maryland credit report view annual credit report experian check credit report landlords how to pull a soft credit report business credit card reviews consumer reports free 3 credit reporting agencies how long does medical collections stay on credit report how to get free credit report with credit score no credit report loans credit card debt settlement credit report annual credit report federal trade commission credit report bureaus numbers remedies violations fair credit reporting act under what information does a credit report contain fair reporting act free report major credit put lock credit report auto lease credit report free credit rating report why did they change the free credit report band free canada credit report online how can i pull my credit report for free without hurting my credit collection debt not on credit report will disputing items on credit report raise my score credit report facts remove collections paid credit report credit suisse global wealth report 2011 canada how to get a copy of free credit report checking my child s credit report accounts how to get bad debt removed from credit report credit report freeze experian potentially negative information credit report remove negative information credit report annual credit report fee what is a delinquent account on credit report much does equifax credit report cost can you get all 3 credit reports for free what does collection charge off mean on credit report free report all bureaus credit score credit report credit card cancellation get your three credit reports for free how do you put a lock on your credit report free credit report commercial band drummer correcting errors experian credit report california credit report does debt consolidation go your credit report experian credit report lock if you authorized user credit card does show your credit report foreclosure credit report bankruptcy fair credit reporting landlord companies credit report where to get the real free credit report free credit report without subscription fair credit reporting act consumer report under government annual free credit program report get unlock my experian credit report what credit report do renters use my annual free credit report block access credit report free credit report authorized federal government guarantees can collections agency report credit bureau absolutely free credit reports no trial report credit score error credit report instantly online equifax view credit report is the annual credit report safe how to change employment information on credit report free annual report online credit scores dispute information credit report equifax what information is not included in a credit report can you get something removed from your credit report the information on my credit report is wrong report on credit 1790 check my credit report score civil judgements stay on credit report best place to get credit report from get copy my credit report score how to clean up my credit report for free portsmouth fc report to creditors where cane i get a free credit report online credit report mail credit report explained uk equifax answers request free credit report free letters credit reporting agencies view transunion credit report online where is the best place to get my credit reports free equifax credit report denied credit credit reporting laws new york credit report agencies addresses for disputes request copy credit report mail can a landlord obtain a credit report for a tenant bank of america credit report dispute is eviction on credit report best credit agency report how long does it take for a credit card payoff to reach the credit reporting agencies how often can you get a copy of your credit report sample letter inaccurate credit report free credit report commercial 2016 lyrics credit report canada transunion equifax free copies my credit reports how do you get your credit report fixed when is bankruptcy removed from credit report can i get a free credit report iif i have been denied credit equifax business credit industry report plus credit report security credit report for business free how to remove judgements on credit report get legit free credit report equifax free credit report fico score usa credit report adding rental history to credit report transunion credit report for renters credit reports for rental property cant get my free annual credit report what is the official site for a free annual credit report does my credit report show my employment history free report business credit scores credit report repair after bankruptcy free credit score and report from 3 bureaus dispute the free credit report lyrics debit card reports credit bureau what is tradeline on credit report alert on credit report how do i read my credit report how to get a free credit report without paying anything equifax transunion credit report canada the three credit reporting agencies which is the best free credit report long does debt collection stay credit report free credit report without credit card better credit report which company is the best to get a credit report from best website for credit report fair credit reporting act state laws fee credit report looking for a free credit report no credit card required annual free credit report by mail three credit report numbers best credit report site for landlords how fast does your credit report update credit rating report india how do you remove charge offs from credit report get my credit score and report for free cheap credit score report credit report collections affect uk data credit reports company search section 609 of a federal law called the fair credit reporting act (fcra) remove collection agency credit report government free credit report law order a credit report from equifax which is the best credit report to use phone number transunion credit reporting agency obtain free credit report score ?2 statutory credit report online credit report fico score free consumer report best credit report free credit report all 3 bureaus score removing paid negative items credit report dispute information your credit report equifax pay off debt my credit report who is the old lady in the free credit report commercials credit report without subscription federal reserve;s may 2010 report consumer credit report errors my credit report can get free annual credit report request your free credit report online view your annual credit report check credit history report credit expert report check credit report free experian how to remove a paid judgement from my credit report government credit report help fica tip credit report quickbooks how to remove old things from credit report clean credit report after bankruptcy 3 in one credit report there really free credit reports how to fix your bad credit report forecast debt credit reporting agency where can i get my credit report and score check all credit reports free fico state ny free credit report united states government free credit report can get free report transunion credit card address for the 2 credit reporting agencies credit report for tenants by landlord how to get credit reports by mail credit reporting agency does mortgage companies use credit report says claim filed government remove midland credit credit report credit report freeze transunion us government credit score report credit suisse analyst reports report bad debt credit bureau canada get free credit report all 3 credit bureaus all the free credit report songs federal fair credit reporting act requirements credit report dispute form doc chase authorization to obtain credit report where do we go to get your free annual credit report where to get free credit reports free capital report due denied credit equifax fair credit reporting act criminal background check credit report sign in best credit reports free experian credit report free annual credit report demand twelve outlaw all credit reporting agencies protesters how to remove a tax lien from my credit report does checking your own credit report hurt my score how do i get a free annual credit report www creditreport com contact_us asp your credit reports free how to credit report remove your credit report free annual transunion free credit report/affordable rentals annual credit report reviews international credit report services does an eviction notice show up on a credit report sample letter to request copy of credit report indiana state tax lien on credit report remove foreclosure credit report 2010 global wealth report credit suisse 3 credit reports credit scores does paid profit loss mean credit report life insurance credit report secured credit cards report credit bureaus free credit reports from all 3 agencies clean my credit report does checking own report lower hurt your credit score your free credit report year checking credit report child identity theft free experian credit report review how do i get my credit score not report free 3 credit reports and scores credit report com band search rels credit credit report can i get my credit report online free credit report business check loan opt out credit reporting agencies sample credit report for teaching annual free credit reports by law free credit reports in canada legit what is credit report and why is it important free credit report fico score online free credit report guy wiki understanding your credit report and credit score government of canada unofficial free annual credit report site free tri-merged credit report pull credit report landlord best free credit report score what happened to the first free credit guy where can i get my free credit report yahoo answers credit report three agencies what information shows up on your credit report how to cancel free credit report com free trial how often do credit cards reported to credit agencies credit reports for real estate agents credit report for landlord my free credit report government monitoring credit report for employment sample one off credit report experian what is the address of experian credit reporting agency free credit reports experian equifax free credit report through irs annualcreditreport get free credit report without signing up how to dispute all 3 credit reports veda credit check report letter to dispute charge on credit report full credit report and score credit report 10 years when does american express report to credit agencies request free credit report from all three credit bureaus define report public credit 1790 experian business credit score report how do i cancel my free experian credit report credit report remove late payment equifax view credit report again free credit report from all three major credit bureaus credit report dispute process credit reports for mortgage companies how to get a freeware copy of credit report online what credit reporting agency does walmart use equifax credit report promotion code 2012 how do you correct an error on your credit report credit card companies report all three credit bureaus credit card debt statute limitations credit report is annual credit report a safe site account charged off on my credit report better credit report agency how do i get my credit report free experian free credit report after being denied credit what is the fair credit reporting act disclosure lift security freeze credit report sample combined credit report free copy of credit report australia see credit report uk phone numbers three major credit reporting agencies consumer financial protection bureau credit reporting annual free credit report from all 3 bureaus section 611 of the federal fair credit reporting act find your credit report change employment history on credit report does first premier report to all three credit bureaus dispute a credit report item quizzles report loan free credit equifax free credit reports credit report dispute letter templates request credit report for landlord free credit report with no credit card info needed get free credit scores reports delete inquiries off credit report update my employer my credit report maryland state free credit report free credit report for small business good credit report sample reporting credit card debt to irs how to fix errors on my credit report key derogatory on credit report get credit report new zealand bureau credit reporting agency cma global sovereign debt credit risk report q1 2011 inquiries on credit report how long stay how do i remove inaccurate information from my credit report govt unapproved free credit report credit reports bureau bank of america credit report dispute address what are the 3 types of credit reports free personal credit report australia how to get a paid collection removed from your credit report get my credit report from equifax request credit report from bank of america how do i determine my credit score from my credit report best sites get credit report 3 credit reports in one for free removing debt collection credit report dispute transunion credit report by mail
3XN showcase pavilion ’Learning from Nature’ Print E-mail
Thursday, 25 June 2009 07:05


Self-cleaning surfaces, phase changing materials and built-in sensors that generate energy from the footsteps of the visitors. The 3XN pavilion ‘Learning from Nature’ unites the most advanced technologies and intelligent materials in a preview of the innovative architectural design of tomorrow

The Louisiana Museum of Modern Art invited the Danish architecture firm 3XN to design a pavilion demonstrating cutting edge possibilities within sustainable and intelligent materials. The result is a pavilion that is built of bio composites with integrated intelligence that creates a dynamic interaction with its physical surroundings and its users.

Photographs courtesy of 3XN and photographer Adam Mørk

Sustainability does not equal architectural compromise

The pavilion is called ‘Learning from Nature’ and everything about the pavilion is literally inspired by nature itself: The biological cycle of nature is the fundamental basis for the shape, the materials and the dynamic energy generation. The pavilion is shaped as a Moebius band to symbolize the biological cycle; and the properties of the construction are very like those of nature – for example, the pavilion has a coating of nanoparticles that helps clean the surfaces and clean the air. Additionally, the pavilion is built of biodegradable materials; and as for energy, the pavilion is 100 percent self-sufficient.
Kim Herforth Nielsen, Principal of 3XN, comments on the project:
"The Pavilion has given us the opportunity to showcase the possibilities which exist in building with sustainable and intelligent materials. Our objective has been to show that Green Architecture can be dynamic and active. We often think that we need to minimize use of resources at all costs. Instead of focusing on consuming the least amount of energy, we need to focus on producing and using energy and materials in a more intelligent way than is the case today."

The vision of the project has been to build with biodegradable and energy-generating materials, creating an energy-self-sufficient architecture that also can be part of, and be decomposed in, the biological cycle after use.

New Combinations
Sustainable solutions are often associated with architectural compromises. For this reason it has been important to show that sustainable materials have legitimate future potential in the building industry - practically as well as aesthetically. Building with intelligent and biological materials with a refined finish, in a complex mode of expression, pushes the limit in people’s minds of what is obtainable with sustainable materials today.

Sustainable Materials
Well-known synthetic products have been substituted with biological and reusable materials. For the outer shell of the sculpture, glass fiber composites have been substituted with a bio composite from flax fibers cast in biological resin. Cork sheets replace polystyrene foam for the inner core.

Intelligent Materials
For the sculpture, the newest built-in technologies have been applied creating a dynamic and green architecture. On the top face of the pavilion, 1mm flexible solar cells are placed. The cells are cast in thin film making them applicable to double curved surfaces. Piezoelectric materials that generate an electric current from the weight of the visitors are laid in the floor. Combined, this makes the sculpture self-sufficient with energy to power the integrated LED lights.
”Why not build dynamic buildings that harvest energy from the surroundings?”
The pavilion has a coating of nanoparticles that makes the surfaces self-cleaning. Due to a hydrophilic nanostructure, rain water is dispersed beneath the dirt on the surface, leaving it cleaner. A second coating adds air cleaning properties to the pavilion. A chemical process called photocatalysis decomposes up to 70 percent of pollutants from industrial smog. Documentation shows that the air quality is improved within an 8-feet radius of air cleaning surfaces.

The pavilion retains heat by using phase changing materials. Heated by the sun, the material retains the energy, releasing it again when the temperature drops. At exactly 23 degrees Celsius, the material changes from a solid to a liquid form. When the temperature rises, the material absorbs energy and is liquefied. When the temperature drops, it solidifies and releases energy. In other words, the surface of the pavilion remains cooler when the temperature of the surroundings is rising, and vice versa. It is estimated that phase changing materials can cut costs with 10 to 15 percent on heating and cooling of buildings.

Digital Design and Production

The design of the pavilion is optimized according to function and material consumption. The mode of expression and material consumption is digitally designed to meet the exact needs, i.e. 14 layers of fiber and 84mm of cork are specifically designed to meet the dynamic forces arising from wind load and the load from people walking on the surface. Adapting the new sustainable materials to the digital modes of production has been a huge challenge in itself. The learning process of substituting synthetic materials for biological counterparts has spanned the entire project phase, revealing many obstacles and given rise to new innovations on the way.

The Louisiana Pavilion is a joint venture of 20 companies. Due to a tight 4-month schedule and a high level of ambition, it was essential that all parties involved took ownership of the project; that concept, design, innovation and production were all in play at the same time during the development phase - a process where several project phases melted into one. This called for close, integrated cooperation between everyone involved.

The Design Team

Participating from 3XN was: Kim Herforth Nielsen, Kasper Guldager Jørgensen, Rasmus Møller, Christian Bundegaard, Stian Lenes and Morten Myrup.

Project Partners:

3XN: architects and project management
COWI: engineering and light design
Stage One Freeform Composites: production and installation
BASF: the chemical company – phase changing materials
Ashland Inc.: producer of bioresin
Amorim Cork Composites: producer of cork
Libeco-Lagae: producer of natural fibers
Flex Cell: producer of flexible photovoltaic
Noliac Motion: producer of piezoelectric materials
Nano-X GmbH: self-cleaning surface coatings
Phillips: producer of LED light
3M: structural tape
Micronal PCM©, climate control – phase changing materials
Optima Projects Limited – composite consultant
NetComposites Ltd. – network within composites
Scenetek – installation of electrical components
Danish Technological Institute – self-cleaning counseling
Risø National Laboratory DTU – Composite testing

’Learning from Nature’ can be seen at the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark, until October.

More on 3XN and their work


Related Articles:

Comments (0)Add Comment

Write comment

security code
Write the displayed characters

Last Updated on Friday, 20 November 2009 14:43
© Copyright Cadtopia 2007-2010. All Rights Reserved.