purchase live fish online order aldactone online no prescription with a mastercard thyroid replacement medication list rogaine 2 for men sale in uk how to by lanoxin online bactrim side effects rash pictures mexican pharmacy no prescription alli citalopram alcohol anger allegra 100mg tablet natural viagra for men the little blue pill healthpoint what does it do accutane pharmacy coupons malegra dxt from usa where to buy alesse ethinyl estradiol atacand drugstore.com himplasia without insurance how long should it take for biaxin to work aciphex daily use reviews buy albuterol online canada buy cholestoplex singapore keflex prices usa venlor without prescription valtrex herpes simplex where is toradol injection canadian drug laws costo de las pastillas cytotec en mexico amsa fast orlistat funcion coumadin cost walmart order arimidex online with visa snorting xanax effects dilantin iv administration diclofenac sodium and paracetamol together liquid hoodia extreme reviews lowest priced benadryl how long does it take to see results from propecia online cheapest diflucan prices buy capoten astrailia what is liv 52 syrup cost of cialis sublingual can buy viagra over counter ireland buying prescription drugs on the internet promises and pitfalls how much does naprosyn cost rumalaya gel pills sweat do you need rx haridra tadapox from usa pharmacy order abortion pill cytotec online best generic yasmin review blopress medication order claris ampicillin msds estrace 2mg tablets ivf head to head football stats florida atacand buy augmentin online no prescription dose what are the side effects of avodart acheter alphagan wellbutrin dosage adhd generic malegra dxt what is doxycycline and lactic acid bacillus capsules generic for prevacid not working where to seroquel online generic buy hong kong prescription actonel online sertraline 50 mg dosage cialis viagra levitra which is best medications naprosyn max dose atacand hct generic equivalent drugs similar to torsemide diabecon india side effects of azathioprine in dogs exelon not generic viagra jelly direct pharmacy alphagan price comparison what is the generic name for ciprofloxacin buy duetact visa viagra on sale online side effects of calcium carbonate tums buy cephalexin pills in the australia amaryl medicine for diabetes liposafe canadian pharmacy buy lariam perth australia buy elocon lotion online how much cefixime to take what is the medicine flagyl used for buy minocycline online overnight lanoxin heart medication advair diskus from china cheap viagra generic pills cephalexin for dogs side effects peeing suprax doctors online what dosages does requip come in what is arjuna powder generic floxin cialis india generic generic pills for dilantin can you really buy viagra online relafen paypal cheap zanaflex uk how to live cheap in retirement xbox live pas chere no prescription fucidin sale buy cheap viagra using pay pal pharmacy express canada reviews lotrisone mg buy vente de zovirax au quebec buy ortho tri cyclen online no prescription mastercard i pill clozaril website pharmacy little blue pill healthpoint review haridra prescription coupon what is blopress for online sale of brand cialis cost of diclofenac gel without insurance plendil generic release date can you get high off of doxycycline monohydrate canadian aciphex antiulcer premarin over the counter canada clomid trusted online drug stores in canada over the counter aldactone purchase levitra on line in canada american baclofen how to by betnovate online pay best buy credit card with paypal cafergot.com cozaar sale pharmacy mircette reviews side effects allopurinol drugstore acidity treat best place to buy ceftin equivalent du xenical alesse buy online canada aricept doctors online propranolol 60 mg r price herbal slimming tablets side effects beat way to order rumalaya hydrocortisone tablets spc rumalaya gel brands india abana drugs offering cheap celebrex sales data buy alli 140 refill what does allegra treat antihistamine neurontin 100mg cheap where can i buy cheap viagra yahoo serevent non perscription countries cheap genuine dilantin online dostinex with american express order allegra online no prescription with a mastercard cheapest estrace in the uk no prescription cialis soft sale cheap rumalaya liniment pills to buy suhagra peut on acheter fucidine sans ordonnance ezetimibe max dose mail order cephalexin overseas pharmacy no prescription brahmi order pariet no rx canadian pharmacy what is the dose for cardizem online pharmacy buy cheap kamagra what is female cialis drugs side effects of blood pressure medication ramipril para que se usa trental side effects of taking valtrex during pregnancy depo provera 100mg retin-a 0,05 over the counter do you need a prescription for valtrex in canada water pills safe take while pregnant best price for viagra sublingual buy inderal boots viagra side effects eyes blue goodyear allegra tire prices can you get high off of apo citalopram order differin cream online discount amantadine prescriptions where to buy rythmol lotrisone prescription atorvastatin tablets 40mg us approved canadian pharmacy strattera 40 mg blue capsule brand parlodel buy mircette reviews weight gain how to take plendil what does bupropion make you feel like furosemide dogs sale diuretics oral erythromycin dose acne amantadine medication on line coumadin where can i buy it brand amoxil pharmacy mail order buy brand septilin provera mexico companies only buspar without script motilium domperidone no prescription flovent hfa price lamictal - no prescription needed how long is it safe to take voltaren best place to buy generic drugs online order levothroid tablets lamictal dose pack green mexican pharmacy no prescription oxytrol benzac 10 mg cost buy precose online reviews order entocort online uk amlodipine 1mg canadian pharmacy online buy prazosin 80 mg online benicar 20 mg pill identification sumycin mail order india fastest liposafe uk delivery prednisone for cats phone in order for lamictal plavix clopidogrel 75mg tablets does voltaren cause weight gain dipyridamole weight gain blopress medicine zithromax chlamydia low cost viagra super active retail cost of benicar where can i order lioresal finasteride (proscar propecia) cialis sublingual rx get hytrin toronto overnight buy amaryl generic cheapest paxil to buy purchase dutasteride online tadalafil citrate dosage methotrexate shortage august 2012 drug market order bactroban canadian pharmacies that sell viagra buy amitriptyline 5 mg canadian can you get differin cheapest betoptic tablets uk proventil inhaler for sale online mometasone furoate find brand propecia generic form of aspirin best epivir-hbv prices betapace side effects uk can u buy erythromycin at pharmacy where to get wellbutrin janssen cilag mumbai jobs uk version of chloramphenicol micardis canada prescription cefixime buy uk cheap pravachol free delivery over counter drug interactions wellbutrin buying aricept from canada trazodone insomnia user reviews doxycycline acne reviews buy etodolac hong kong buy topamax new zealand online buying proventil in manchester safe buy maxalt online content analysis of newspapers hydrochlorothiazide online from usa generic compazine overnite shipping carbozyne canada head office donde puedo comprar evecare myambutol mg tablet over the counter pills to kill you low cost phenamax celadrin from usa bactrim ds tablet picture omnicef ear infection reviews elocom mast uputstvo buy doxazosin online usa alesse without prescription buy nizoral online usa does watermelon have same effect viagra diflucan without a prescription from india cozaar 100mg price the best over the counter ed pills is there an otc viagra cheap pharmacy sydney cbd brand cialis trial pack buy cheap brand levitra hydrochlorothiazide generic form valsartan generic tricor prices 1 on 1 soccer 2 due date calculator and when to take a pregnancy test can i take headache medicine while on zoloft side effects of long term use of pyridium ordering metformin usa lowest price lithium what are fertility drugs florida serpina januvia sales in india paroxetine cost ordering amaryl mexico claritin drug interactions over the counter medicine celebrex how long does it take to infuse ampicillin lopid 100 to buy penegra in uk best place to order skelaxin in us inderal la without a prescription nirvana lithium tab drum phone in order for vasotec dramamine tablets price buy vermox in ireland buspar lowest price generic voveran switzerland bactrim medicine side effects metoclopramide online overnight periactin 4 mg prednisone online sale buy lotensin lowest price best substitute for viagra tetracycline side effects on teeth canadian pharmacy lasuna viagra shortage dapoxetine by mail generic propecia us mastercard quiero comprar viagra sin receta en chile metformin hcl er 500 mg for pcos digoxin online canada zithromax 250 mg azithromycin buy viagra professional 50 buy bystolic usa buy triamterene boots pharmacy american cialis jelly purchase kamagra 100mg australia sintomas despues de dejar de tomar sertralina vermox prescription medication 100mg rosuvastatin how to buy the canadian pharmacy bbb safe erythromycin no prescription coumadin tablets uk maximum protonix dose singulair how to buy lotrisone cost in canada patient reviews on depakote flonase cost with insurance diflucan online ordering buy cozaar no prescription fast delivery minocycline no prescription canada cialis jelly 10 mg cost vasotec without rx voveran sr for sale usa purchase celebrex high dose sertraline dopamine generic paroxetine uk paypal how to take alli slimming pills viagra generika billig kaufen praziquantel dosage humans remedio sertralina 50mg para que serve buy chloramphenicol boots pharmacy order cardizem from mexico without prescription finasteride purchase online what is endep tablets antabuse mail order mail order cipro levitra drug in germany pharmacy aceon pills drugstore best price cefadroxil long term side effects of cialis jelly costa allegra latest reviews nootropil generic 2013 drugs do i need a prescription for baclofen purchase generic rumalaya forte cheap lasix generic pharmacies in brimonidine alphagan eye drops play 1 on 1 soccer suprax coupon lupin is generic tadacip effective what is colchicine tablets alavert d-12 reviews what types of detrol are there buy generic accutane online isotretinoin pregnant 4th cycle clomid lukol from usa buy cheap paroxetine using pay pal is strattera a schedule 2 drug buy dilantin visa eurax by mail inflame away celadrin reviews can anafranil get you high alphagan uk brand name where to buy prednisone for cats para que se usa el lopid sales ireland cheapest kamagra prices can you only get tretinoin 0,05 on prescription is there a generic available for singulair 36 hr cialis dosage what is zyban for citalopram mail order buy fluoxetine with e check viagra vs cialis vs levitra 2012 generic drug to replace benicar buy astelin in ireland where to buy viagra in puerto vallarta mexico online sale of risperdal can order proventil online buy chloroquine boots pharmacy buy generic flomax online brahmi plant sale is generic carafate effective canadian pharmacy cialis daily use benadryl after delivery vigrande 100 mg kullan?m? side effects of premarin 0.625 buy biaxin without a script altace ships from india hytrin side effects in men buy xalatan mexican pharmacies order eulexin online citalopram combination therapy buy florinef cheap aciphex billig kaufen lawrence walter in india liquid fertomid review overnight pharmacy buy alli orlistat lariam + price + australia discount septilin mg gyne-lotrimin for sale mexico buy floxin online generic viagra reviews india diltiazem hydrochloride mr where to buy epivir-hbv ointment actoplus met free shipping asthma triggers weather buy elimite from india allegra in italia lisinopril 40 mg picture mexican pharmacy steroids online best price for real digoxin deltasone generic reviews elocon uk next day delivery chloromycetin pharmacies in can buy medrol online best place buy viagra online generic is canadian pharmacy a reputable company cost of baclofen without insurance sale online advair diskus phenergan shortage 2012 plavix price in malaysia without a script altace online viagra with no rx what types of compazine are there stieva-a forte cream review journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences where can i purchase phenamax apcalis sx generic wikipedia drugs advair diskus to buy in the usa without a prescription what is the correct dosage of nolvadex buy pain pills online cheap what is the trade name for isoniazid cheap reminyl pills zyloprim visa lopid medication cholesterol buy hydrochlorothiazide online with out prescription buy nimotop online overnight canadian family magazine october 2012 strattera without a script prozac and weight gain or loss what does synthroid do for you buy glucophage 50 buy propecia finpecia acquistare strattera in italia buy venlor online from usa can you buy mentat over the counter purchase metformin no prescription accutane no prescription uk canadian viagra professional can you purchase acai berry in stores how to use viagra spray for men purchase menosan cheap cefadroxil prix en pharmacie en france losartan potassium side effects cough cialis mexico generico pharmacie de garde lausanne toprol xl perth australia what does plavix 75 mg look like cheap coreg mg buying evista for dogs buy fluoxetine tablets uk indian pharmacy fucidin minipress delivery uk do i need a prescription for lukol cuanto cuesta orlistat generico how to use clomid after a steroid cycle mevacor medication overnight delivery is generic himcolin available in usa where am i located augmentin 1000 mg fiyat what is propecia prescribed for discount canadian pharmacy erexor my alli coupons buy pariet pills phexin price india ortho tri cyclen lo do i have to take the green pills order generic zofran levothroid paypal prescription drug lady era tricor tablets from buy propecia 1mg or 5 mg generic viagra using mastercard can order atacand canada buy dutas online no prescription us where could i buy zithromax without prescription phenergan pharmacy mambo italiano lyrics 365 buy live marine fish online australia mail order pharmacy jobs in maryland bupropion hcl 75 mg tablets augmentin non generic north american indian alliance pow wow butte buy hong kong kamagra oral jelly where to buy pyridium over the counter valtrex dosage recurrent herpes labialis how often to take zofran for morning sickness prescription buy order amantadine what is doxycycline hyclate capsules used for do you need rx keflex nexium usa pharmacy arava loading dose side effects myaarpmedicare com pharmacy directory levaquin is generic zoloft as effective online sale of allopurinol there generic alesse erexin-v discount voucher grifulvin v shoppers drug mart where to buy tablets levothyroxine online oral isotretinoin acne buyers of tricor canada how to use reglan to increase milk supply clomid dose male fertility is zantac available over the counter in canada buy legal drugs in canada lady era how to buy propranolol canada prescription buy lincocin no prescription can buy metformin online evista from usa pharmacy cvs pharmacy online application form buy voveran 200 code red 7 spray reviews tri med online pharmacy order online meds clonidine what is lithium carbonate prescribed for how to use aciphex vitamin d and erectile dysfunction asacol hd canadian pharmacy where can i get ginseng seeds dramamine maximum dosage seroquel xr 300 urispas to buy in england buy anacin fast shipping is zetia better than lipitor is generic penegra effective over counter equivalent celexa prescription viagra sale albendazole from usa pharmacy safe online pharmacy no prescription needed buy seroflo capsules prescription solutions by optumrx fax number antibiotics propranolol anxiety side effects can buy clomid online uk order cipro uk pharmacy arimidex online store zoloft drugs online purchases procardia order by phone buy viagra jelly capsules buy genuine proscar uk where can i get non prescription viagra where to purchase orlistat septilin tablets price natural viagra over the counter australia medicare viagra 2012 best site get elocon minocycline sublingual dosage 100 ml nitroglycerin emsam online bestellen prescription flomax canada mail order generic retino-a cream 0,025 ceftin drugstore.com sarafem for men in usa cheap skelaxin uk pharmacy that sells yasmin bentyl dosage information order minocin online comprar provera original how to take brahmi powder for memory imiquimod cream over the counter uk levitra plus without prescription actos user reviews decadron 4 mg price buy promethazine codeine syrup no prescription online how to buy clomid without rx safe place order rumalaya liniment buy cymbalta without a perscription long time side effects aldactone how to take lexapro eltroxin availability in uk acheter pas cher provera how to take citalopram for premature ejaculation hyzaar 100 24 for sale buy zyrtec canadian pharmacy ampicillin cheap quiero comprar glucophage shortage of methotrexate in canada side effects of zovirax eye ointment is it safe to order silagra viagra rezeptfrei deutschland rogaine 5 brand positioning clomiphene 50 mg for men no prescription glimepiride baclofen overdose antidote generic zoloft canada canadian pharmacy feldene cialis super active phone orders how to purchase ortho tri cyclen cleocin t lotion reviews acne.org serophene without prescription miami suppliers of digoxin in us number 1 online canadian pharmacy uk viagra online review generic reglan tablets viagra online canada no prescription levothroid patient reviews cost comparison generic zyvox wellbutrin discount xenical for sale usa prescription buy vermox buy aldactone tablets canadian buying pamelor using paypal alli orlistat 60 mg weight loss aid decadron pills sweat what is levothroid used for
Zaha Hadid Architects - JS Bach Chamber Music Hall Print E-mail
Wednesday, 08 July 2009 10:11

ZHA_JSBach_01Zaha Hadid Architects have created a unique chamber music hall specially designed to house solo performances of the exquisite music of Johann Sebastian Bach.

A voluminous ribbon swirls within the room, carving out a spatial and visual response to the intricate relationships of Bach’s harmonies. As the ribbon careens above the performer, cascades into the ground and wraps around the audience, the original room as a box is sculpted into fluid spaces swelling, merging, and slipping through one another.

The design process involved architectural considerations of scale, structure and acoustics to realize a dynamic formal dialogue inseparable from its intended purpose as an intimate chamber music hall. A layering of spaces and functions is achieved through the ribbon wrapping around itself, alternately compressing to the size of a handrail then stretching to enclose the full height of the room. Circulatory and visual connections are continually discovered as one passes through the multiple layers of space delineated by the ribbon.

ZHA_JSBach_02The ribbon itself consists of a translucent fabric membrane articulated by an internal steel structure suspended from the ceiling. The surface of the fabric shell undulates in a constant but changing rhythm as it is stretched over the internal structure.

ZHA_JSBach_03aIt varies between the highly tensioned skin on the exterior of the ribbon and the soft billowing effect of the same fabric on the interior of the ribbon. Clear acrylic acoustic panels are suspended above the stage to reflect and disperse the sound, while remaining visually imperceptible within the fabric membrane.

Programmed lighting and a series of dispersed musical recordings activate the spaces between the ribbon outside of performance times. The installation is designed to be transportable and re-installed in other similar venues.
Pivotal to its function is the performance of the ribbon. It has been designed to simultaneously enhance the acoustic experience of the concert while spatially defining a stage, an intimate enclosure, and passageways. It exists at a scale in which it is perceived as both an object floating in a room as well as a temporal architecture that invites one to enter, inhabit and explore.

Description of the project by Acoustician Mark Howarth, Partner at Sandy Brown Associates:


The challenge of the project was to take a gallery space primarily designed for visual art and help Zaha Hadid Architects in their vision to convert it into a modern extraordinary new performance space for chamber music.

ZHA_JSBach_05The initial part of the design involved testing the baseline acoustic response of the gallery space and looking at how this could be enhanced by the installation. This included investigating how the finishes and shape of the room determined its reverberation time (a measure of how long it takes for sound to decay in a room), and caused unwanted flutter echoes from sound repeatedly reflecting back-and-forth between surfaces. The measurements also identified the level of ambient noise from external noise sources, such as road and air traffic, and from air conditioning systems within the building.

The selected gallery space is located towards the rear of the building, away from the noisy rumbling sound of Metrolink trams passing by the front. However, control of noise from the in-house air conditioning system to make it suitable for music was a challenge.

ZHA_JSBach_04aThe gallery has strict requirements for the regulation of air temperature and humidity to help preserve many of the precious works it houses. This meant it could not be turned off or reduced during performances. The importance of this was highlighted by the recent exhibition of 500 year old Leonardo da Vinci sketches in a connecting room to the new performance space. Control of noise from the air conditioning system was discussed with staff at Manchester Art Gallery and they were particularly helpful in carrying out works behind the scenes to help reduce noise intrusion to the new performance space.

For optimum conditions for chamber music it is important to ensure that the reverberation time is not too long as this blurs individual notes so music can lose its intricacy. Equally it should not be too short as this provides a lack of response for the performer and causes the music to sound overly dry. The designers therefore looked at achieving a reverberation time of 1.4 to 1.7 s at mid-frequencies (500-1000 Hz) with a higher reverberation at lower (bass) frequencies to provide a warm room response.

Measurements in the room indicated the existing ceiling and the large void behind it provided a significant amount of acoustic absorption. This influenced the choice of materials for the installation as the designers wanted to avoid adding too much additional sound absorptive material to ensure the acoustics did not become too dry.

ZHA_JSBach_r01Rendered image

Zaha Hadid Architects therefore investigated use of different materials for the installation, including various fabrics, metals and plastics. These were developed as 3D CAD models by Zaha Hadid Architects and were then imported into acoustic modeling software by Sandy Brown Associates. This enabled the investigation of different finishes and sculptural shapes to enhance acoustic conditions around the stage and audience areas of the space.

The final installation uses a lightweight synthetic fabric (150 g/m2) supported on a rigid metal framework to provide the flowing sensual shape of the installation while minimizing absorption. The shape of the frame and fabric acts to scatter sound reflections between parallel walls within the gallery to eliminate flutter echoes and provide a more even diffuse sound for audience members. Around the stage, specially shaped acrylic reflector panels have been carefully positioned and hidden within the fabric of the installation. These are designed to reflect sound with a short delay back towards the performer and out towards the audience to increase the clarity and strength of the music while maintaining the reverberant response of the room.

The installation is currently under construction and further commissioning measurements are proposed prior to the first performance.

ZHA_JSBach_r02Rendered image

Project Credits and Details:

Client: Manchester International Festival

Program: Chamber Music Hall

Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects

Design team (Zaha Hadid Architects):
Melodie Leung, Gerhild Orthacker

Acoustic Consultant:
Sandy Brown Associates

Fabricator:
Base Structures

Tensile Structural Engineer:
Tony Hogg Design Ltd

Site:
Manchester Art Gallery, T1 Gallery

Site area: 17m x 25m


JS Bach / Zaha Hadid Architects Chamber Music Hall at Manchester Art Gallery for Manchester International Festival
Images courtesy of Zaha Hadid Architects © Luke Hayes
Renderings courtesy of Zaha Hadid Architects


Related Articles:

Trackback(0)
Comments (0)Add Comment

Write comment

security code
Write the displayed characters


busy
Last Updated on Wednesday, 08 July 2009 10:40
 
Follow us on Twitter
© Copyright Cadtopia 2007-2010. All Rights Reserved.